Abu Talib (a.s.): The uncle of Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.a.)

Samaa Al, themuslimvibe.com

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Abu Talib, may Allah be pleased with him, was a man of high morals and compassion. He was the leader of Bani Hashim and a believer in Abrahamic monotheism. He assisted the Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.a.) during times of tribulation and tried to help stabilize the budding religion of Islam. Although he was relatively poor, Abu Talib (a.s.) helped Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.a.) in every way he could.

A big statement of Abu Talib (a.s.)’s faith in Allah is in how he raised his sons with the firm belief in the Oneness of God.

Before the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) was born, his father, Abdullah ibn Abdul-Muttalib (a.s.), passed away due to a severe illness. Abdul-Muttalib (a.s.) took it upon himself to raise his grandson Prophet Mohammad (s.a.w.a.) for the rest of his life. Sadly, it wasn’t long before Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.a.) was without a guardian again. His generous uncle Abu Talib (a.s.) immediately took him in despite his poverty. He raised Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.a.) as his own son. He took him along on his journeys and taught him the art of trade, helping him become a successful businessman.

 

Abu Talib (a.s.)’s loyalty to Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.a.) did not waver before, during, or after the Prophet (s.a.w.a.)’s revelation. On his death bed, Abu Talib (a.s.) said

“I command you to be good to Muhammad (s.a.w.a.). He is the most trustworthy of the Quraish and the most truthful of the Arabs. He brought a Message which is accepted by the heart and denied by the tongue for fear of hostility. By God, whoever walks in the way of Muhammad shall be on the right road and whoever follows his guidance shall have a joyous future.”

(Balughul Adaab, vol. 1, p. 327)

Abu Talib (a.s.) did not deviate from the righteous path. Allah chose him to be one of the custodians of the Kaaba, the protector of the House of God. In Surah Al-Baqara, verse 124, it states that:

“When Abraham was tried by his Lord with commands and he fulfilled them, Allah said, Indeed, I will make you a leader [Imam] for the people. Abraham said, And of my descendants? Allah said, My covenant does not include the wrongdoers.”

Imam Ja’far Sadiq (a.s.) said: It is the obligatory right for all the Muslims who know us that each one of them presents his practices of the day and night to himself (gets it checked by himself) and becomes an accountant and checker for himself. So if he sees a good deed he must increase and boost it up and if he sees a sin he must repent upon it, and ask forgiveness from Allah, lest he should get disgraced and dishonored on the judgment day.

(Tohaf al-Oqool, p. 301)

The decedents of Abraham mentioned in the Quran include the last prophet, Muhammad (s.a.w.a.), and his holy progeny. His father, Abdullah ibn Abdul- Muttalib (a.s.), had many brothers but only one from the same mother. His full brother was Abu Talib (a.s.). The Imamate started with Abu Talib (a.s.)’s son, Imam Ali (a.s.), and continued on to his grandsons, who also came from the same branch of Abdul-Muttalib (a.s.) through Prophet Mohammed (s.a.wa..)’s daughter, Hazrat Fatima (s.a.). Undoubtedly the household in which the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) was raised is a pure one, which never fell into shirk even before he received his message. Out of Abdul-Muttalib (a.s.)’s twelve sons, the only two from the same mother are Abdullah (a.s.) (father of Muhammad) and Abu Talib (a.s.) (guardian of Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.a.) and father of Imam Ali (a.s.)).

How, then, could a man such as Abu Talib (a.s.), who had never taken part in anything displeasing to Allah, who is known for his generosity, leadership, valor, and justice, be labeled as a disbeliever?

Throughout history there has been many efforts to discredit Abu Talib (a.s.) and diminish his reputation into nothing more than a kafr. There are those who quote a couple verses from the Holy Quran and claim it alludes to him, like

“It is not for the Prophet and those who have believed to ask forgiveness for the polytheists, even if they were relatives” (Surah al Tawba 9:113)

What they fail to notice is that their interpretations of these verses have no real context or evidence. For instance this verse was revealed thirteen years after the death of Abu Talib (a.s.), who did not die as a polytheist. The enemies of Imam Ali (a.s.) relentlessly tried to dis favor him by attacking his father’s reputation. They went as far as accusing Abu Talib (a.s.) for shirk, and that he had never recited the shahada publicly.

Imam Ja’far al-Sadiq (a.s.) said:

“The case of Abu Talib was like that of the people of the Cave (Qur’an 18:9-26); they concealed their faith and disclosed shirk. Yet Allah bestowed upon them double reward.”

(al-Kaafi, vol. 1, p. 446)

Abu Talib (a.s.) concealed his beliefs (i.e. practicing Taqiyya) so that he could play as a mediator between the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) and the other chiefs of Mecca who refused the idea of the new religion. If it wasn’t for Abu Talib (a.s.)’s service, the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.a.) could not have broken through to the idol worshippers that ruled Arabia to hear his Message.

A big statement of Abu Talib (a.s.)’s faith in Allah is in how he raised his sons with the firm belief in the Oneness of God.  His sons  are Talib,  known for  his honesty, Aqeel, known for his loyalty, Jafar, known for his nobility, and Ali (a.s.), known as the Prince of Believers.

Abu Talib (a.s.)’s presence in relation to the continuity of Islam was not incidental. We who have been guided to Islam should be thankful for his unwavering support to the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) and his help in distributing the Message.

Imam Ja’far Sadiq (a.s.) said: It is required for the faithful to have eight qualities in him:

  1. Being gracious during hardship and calamities, Being patient in wake of affliction, 3. Being thankful at the time of comfort and abundance, 4. Being contented with sustenance granted by Allah, 5. Not committing excess and aggression upon enemies, 6. Not loading his own load (responsibilities) upon the shoulders of his friends, 7. His body remains troubled by him (due to services), 8. And the people remain comfortable and at ease from him. (He does not bother and trouble others).
(Khesaal al-Momin, vol. 2, p. 47)