The blessed month of Ramazan is a precious gift from Allah (s.w.t.) for the believers. We become conscious of this aspect from the words of Ahle Bayt (a.s.). Only those who have complete recognition of a thing can narrate its benefits. Hence for explaining the importance of this month, we turn towards the traditions of Ahle Bayt (a.s.).
Shaykh Abbas Qummi (a.r.) in his celebrated book Mafatihul Jinaan and Shaykh Sudooq (a.r.) in his book Man La Yahzorohul Faqeeh have brought a lengthy tradition from Imam Reza (a.s.) who narrates a sermon on this subject from Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.). Since the tradition is quite lengthy, only some parts of this sermon and the lessons from it are brought in this article for the sake of brevity.
Importance of Mahe Mubarak Ramazan
Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) said,
“O the people! The month of Ramazan is fast approaching along with its blessings, mercy and forgiveness. This is the month which is the best month before Allah and its times are the best of times. This is the month in which you have been called to be the guest of Allah (s.w.t.). Your breaths carry the reward of glorification and even your sleep is counted as worship.”
Dear readers, may our lives be scarified upon the Ahle Bayt (a.s.) whose words make a place in our hearts and are a source for us to come close to Allah (s.w.t.). In the light of the above sentences of the Prophet (s.a.w.a.), here are some lessons to take away:
- We should say “Mahe Ramazan” or “Mahe Mubarak Ramazan” in our speech and not just “Ramazan”
- Since this month is a month of blessings, mercy and forgiveness, good deeds are multiplied manifold in this Therefore one should perform as many good deeds as possible. Since we are ourselves seeking the forgiveness and mercy of Allah (s.w.t.), it is required that we deal with His creation in the same manner, i.e., with forgiveness and mercy. Imam Sadiq (a.s.) said, “On the day of Judgement, Allah will deal with a person in the same manner as he dealt with his children.”
- Since the days of this blessed month are the best of days, its nights are the best of times and its times are the best of times, one should try and remain the state of wuzoo as much as In the book of Man La Yahzarul Faqeeh, we find a tradition which says, “For as long as a believer remains in the state of wuzoo, he continues to receive the reward of the one who is praying namaz” (vol 1). Apart from this, being in the state of purity protects one from enemies, especially the biggest enemy of the believers, Shaitaan.
- During this month, Allah (s.w.t.) invites the believers to be His The guest visits the house of the host accompanied with gifts which are liked by the host. Therefore our dress, conduct and manner should be such that we do not offend the host, Allah (s.w.t.). In this world we see that the host serves his guest to the best if his capacity. Then, what can be said about Allah (s.w.t.) who is the host and we are His guests. Can there be a better host than Allah (s.w.t.) to perform the duties of the host in the month of Ramazan?
- In this blessed month, every breath we take carries the reward of glorification (tasbih). Then may Allah grant us the opportunity to see the month of Ramazan this year and every year.
The Bounties of the Month of Ramazan
The words from the blessed tongue of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) assure us that in this glorious month, “your supplications are heard and your deeds are accepted.” What a great assurance this is from the words of the person whom Allah sent as a “mercy for the worlds” and the entire Arab ummah knows him as “Ameen and Sadiq” (trustworthy and truthful). In addition, Allah refer to the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) saying that “He does not speak of his own desire, it is naught, but a revelation upon him.” The gist of the above words is simply that Allah (s.w.t.) guarantees the acceptance of one’s deeds in this months and of prayers and supplications. How much these words create a hope in our hearts and an enthusiasm to perform as much worship as possible and seek forgiveness as much as possible in this month!
The Basis of the Performance of Deeds in This Month
Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) says that “Approach your Lord with sincere intention and purity of heart so that He grants you the good fortune of keeping your fasts and reciting Quran.”
Scholars who are experts in the field of ethics and morals say that sincere intention means that you should supplicate before your Lord with full knowledge that Allah is listening to your prayers. If the prayer is good for you, He will grant it for you. Else, He will reward you for it and remove difficulties in your life. And He will grant you something better than what you have desired for yourself.
Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) said, “One who recites one verse of Quran in this month will get a reward equal to reciting one entire Quran in other months.”
Shaykh Sudooq (a.r.) narrates a tradition from Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) wherein he says, “Recite Quran in this month so as to achieve nearness to your Master – Blessed and High be He.”
Imam Sadiq (a.s.) said, “The best action in the month of Ramazan is to recite Quran. Therefore you should recite Quran as much as possible.”
Shaykh Abbas Qummi has reported in Mafatihul Jinan that Allamah Majlisi has narrated that Aimmah (a.s.) used to complete 40 Quran in Mahe Ramazan or even more than that. One should recite Quran and offer its reward to Aimmah (a.s.) so that by this action he gets more reward. Also traditions inform us that such a person will be with Aimmah on the Day of Judgement.
It is reported that Allamah Amini used to complete the recitation of 15 Quran in this month. From this, he used to offer the reward of 14 Quran to 14 Ma’someen (a.s.) and the reward of one Quran he reserved for his forefathers and family members.
Dear readers, may Allah grant us the opportunity, by the right of the love of Ahle Bayt (a.s.), that we offer the reward of our good deeds, especially the recitation of Quran in this month to Ahle Bayt (a.s.) as a sign of our love for them (a.s.).
Offering Iftaar in Month of Ramazan
Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) said, “One who feeds a person at the time of Iftaar, Allah will offer him the reward of freeing one slave in the way of Allah and also forgive all his previous sins. Protect yourself from the fire of hell through this action even if it may be as small as a piece of date or a sip of water.”
Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) said, “One who feeds a fasting person will not only get the reward of the fasting person but also the reward of the good deeds he does by way of the strength his gets after opening his fast.”
(Mafatihul Jinan, page 320)
Allamah Hilli has narrated in his book Resalae’ Saeedah from Imam Sadiq (a.s.) that, “One who feeds a morsel of food to a fasting, Allah will reward him with a reward equal to freeing three slaves and will also accept his supplications.”
The scholars of ethics narrate an incident as follows
– “Once in the blessed month of Ramazan, a person went to another house and said, brother will you feed me at the time of iftaar. The other person said, why not. His house was on the first floor. He took his guest to the first floor. He requested his wife to prepare the best iftaar for his guest. Soon it was time for Maghreb namaz. His guest recited namaz of Maghreb and then raised his hands towards the sky and started reciting duas. He kept on seeking his duas from Allah while tears were streaming from his eyes. The host was waiting for his guest to complete his namaz so that he would invite him for iftaar. But such was the length and intensity of his guest’s prayer that after waiting for a long time, the host asked his guest – who are you and where you have come from? What is your difficulty? Can I help solve your problem?” The guest looked at him and started crying saying, you did not recognize me. Every Friday you call out to me, Where is the one who will seek the revenge for the blood of the martyrs of Karbala? I am your Imam (a.s.). The grief of my grandfather is not less for me that I witness the sins of my Shiahs when their deeds are presented before me, I cry and seek forgiveness for them.
Dear readers, let us ask ourselves truthfully, Are we created for crying over the grief of Imam Husain (a.s.) or for being the cause of weeping for the son of Imam Husain (a.s.)? Let us make a firm intention with purity of heart that in this month of Ramazan, along with our fasts, prayers, and the joy of sehr and iftaar, we seek forgiveness from the Imam of the time, Hazrat Imam Mahdi (a.s.) and try to perform such acts which will be the cause of his pleasure and satisfaction. We hope that by this, we will earn the pleasure of Allah and Aimmah (a.s.) and become a part of their prayers in this month, which in itself is a very big fortune for us.