A section of Muslims who were and are hostile towards Ameerul Momineen Ali b. Abi Talib (a.s.) invent lies and misinformation to mislead the Muslims about his excellence and position in Islam as the best of creation and the Holy Prophet’s (s.a.w.a.) chosen successor. Since they are unable to find fault with Ameerul Momineen Ali b. Abi Talib (a.s.), they attempt to malign him by making false and baseless allegations against his parents – particularly his father and the Noble Prophet’s (s.a.w.a.) uncle – Hazrat Abu Talib (a.s.). These Muslims claim that Abu Talib (a.s.) was not a Muslim.
First and foremost, we must understand the mindset and circumstances behind such traditions. These traditions did not form part of early Islam. Otherwise, we would not find other traditions which outnumber these false traditions. Simply put, more traditions are in favour of Abu Talib (a.s.) backed by the most reliable of sources compared to the reports advanced by these so-called Muslims against Abu Talib (a.s.).
The variation in reports shows there is no consensus (ijma) in the books of Ahle Tasannun on the matter of Abu Talib (a.s.).
If Abu Talib’s (a.s.) faith was indeed questionable, this matter should have been clear as daylight from all reports. For instance, no one doubts the apostasy of Abu Sufyan or Abu Lahab as all reports are unanimous in this regard.
If Abu Talib (a.s.) was also like Abu Sufyan and Abu
Lahab (we seek refuge in Allah) then the reports about
his (Abu Talib’s) disbelief should also be conclusive like
the reports about Abu Sufyan and Abu Lahab.
A study of the reports documented by the famous scholars of the Ahle Tasannun reveals that Abu Talib (a.s.) was a believer whose faith and service in the way of Islam was an example for Muslims of all times.
The study also reveals that the reports doubting Abu Talib’s (a.s.) faith surfaced after a certain point. This was in the period of Muawiyah’s reign after he usurped the caliphate. To cement his own position and to malign the Ahle Bait (a.s.) of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.), he fabricated thousands of traditions. This is how we find reports maligning Abu Talib (a.s.) and praising the caliphs and companions and even personalities like Abu Sufyan only because he was Muawiyah’s father.
Then the Bani Abbas too promoted these suspect traditions vilifying the Ahle Bait (a.s.) as it was also in their best interest to show the Ahle Bait (a.s.) as ordinary mortals subject to committing errors like others (God forbid) and therefore had no special claim to caliphate.
But the clear and unambiguous reports on the Ahle Bait (a.s.) are a sign for the Muslims. With such reports, there is no excuse for Muslims to conclude otherwise when it comes to the excellence of the Ahle Bait (a.s.) and their claim to caliphate.
After all, there are ambiguous verses in the Holy Quran but that is no excuse for Muslims to become polytheists with beliefs like ascribing a body to Allah. The clear verses are sufficient to guide the Muslims to correct beliefs suggesting that the ambiguous verses
must be interpreted in a different manner in the light of the Holy Quran and the Sunnah as narrated by the Ahle Bait (a.s.).
In a series of articles, we have proved that Hazrat Abu Talib (a.s.) was in fact a Muslim, a believer and an extraordinary one at that. The proofs are sourced from the books of Ahle Tasannun. These reports clearly establish that Hazrat Abu Talib’s (a.s.) Islam can only be doubted by those with no Islam of their own.
Hadees-e-Nur – Tradition of the Light
Hadees-e-Nur has been extensively documented by the scholars of both the sects. We present hereunder its common variants, with a common message underpinning all of them.
The Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a) informed:
“We were in the form of lights. When Allah willed to give us a shape, He placed us in the form of a pillar of light in the loin of Adam (a.s). He then transferred this light from the loins to the wombs. He always kept us purified from filth, polytheism and adultery that were widespread in the period of disbelief. In every era, certain groups of people attained felicity on account of believing in us and several others were unfortunate on account of rejecting us. When He brought us in the loin of Abdul Muttalib, He divided it into two parts and placed one half in the loin of Abdullah (a.s) and the other part in that of Abu Talib (a.s). Thereafter, my light was transferred to (my mother) Aamenah and the other half to (Ali’s mother) Fatima bint Asad (s.a.). I was born from Aamenah and Ali was born from Fatima bint Asad. Then, the light reverted to me and my daughter Fatima was born. Likewise, the light was reverted to Ali, and Hasan and Husain were born from both parts of the light i.e. light of Ali and Fatima. Thus, my light found its way in the Imams from the progeny of Husain till
the Day of Judgment.”
Both Shia and the Ahle Tasannun scholars have narrated this tradition and/or its variants, underscoring its reliability.
Among others, the following scholars of Ahle Tasannun have documented Hadith-e-Nur:
⦁ Imam Ahmad b. Hanbal in his Musnad
⦁ Mir Sayyed Ali Hamdani in Mawaddah al-Qurbah
⦁ Ibn Maghaazili Shaafe’i in his Manaaqib
⦁ Muhammad b. Talhah Shaafe’i in Mataalib al-So’l
⦁ Ibrahim b. Muhammad Hamweeni Shaafe’ei in Faraaid al-Simtain fi Fazaail al-Murtuza wa al- Batool wa al-Sibtain
⦁ Khaarazmi in his al-Manaaqib
⦁ Abd al-Hameed Ibn Abil Hadeed in Sharh-o-Nahj al-Balaaghah
⦁ Haafiz Sulaimaan Qundoozi in Yanabee al-
This tradition clearly establishes certain points:
⦁ Not just Abu Talib (a.s.) every ancestor of Ameerul Momineen Ali b. Abi Talib and the Prophet (s.a.w.a.) right from Prophet Adam (a.s.) were perfect believers and Muslims. Disbelief and apostasy never mixed with their faith.
⦁ Individuals like Abu Talib (a.s.) set an example for others with their creed and faith in divine monotheism.
⦁ Those who believed in Abu Talib (a.s.) achieved felicity. Those who rejected him were among the unsuccessful ones.
⦁ It is not possible to believe in Islam and monotheism of Ameerul Momineen Ali b. Abi Talib (a.s.) without first attesting the same for his father Abu Talib (a.s.). Those who acknowledge Ali b. Abi Talib’s (a.s.) faith but claim his father was not a Muslim are only declaring their extreme prejudice and hostility towards Ameerul Momineen Ali b. Abi Talib (a.s.). They believe the fruit is pure, but claim the tree is corrupted!