The Qualities Of Imam Muhammad Taqi

153

Baqir Shareef al-Qurashi
verified with the inventions of the radio, the television,

Knowledge
The Shia unanimously agree that an imam must be incomparable in his abundant knowledge of sciences and he must be the most aware of the people of his time in the affairs of the Sharia and the verdicts of religion. He must be aware of the political and administrative affairs and other affairs regarding what concerns the people. As regards the evidences for this, they are so clear that no one can deny or hide them.
The first imam, Ameerul Mo’mineen Ali bin Abu Talib (a.s.), the master of the pure progeny of the Prophet (a.s.), established many fields of knowledge. They were thirty-two in number, as al-Aqqad1 has said. Over fourteen centuries ago, he was informing people of the technological development of this age. He (a.s.) said,
“A time will come to people when the people in the West will be able to see the people in the East, and the people in the East will be able to see the people in the West.”
He (a.s.) also said, “A time will come to people when the people in the West will be able to hear the people in the East, and the people in the East will be able to hear the people in the West.” And this has been
1 He is an Egyptian author
the telephone, mobile, video telephony, etc.
He (a.s.) also said, “A time will come to people when iron will move.” This has also come true with the inventions of the car, the train and other things. Imam Ali (a.s) talked about many things like this, and our readers can find them in different books such as al- Ghayba by at-Toosi, Behaar al-Anwaar by al-Majlisi and other books that have been written on this subject.
Imam as-Sadiq (a.s), a miracle of knowledge and intellect in the earth, talked about pollution in space and in the seas and its serious harms against man. He talked about the existence of life on some planets. It was he who established the bases of anatomy, especially the organs of man and talked about the wonders inside man’s body and the wonderful systems such as the digestive system and other systems. All this has been mentioned in the book Tawheed al-Mufazzal, which is a wonderful tradition of Imam al-Sadiq (a.s.) as narrated by al-Mufazzal.
Imam as-Sadiq (a.s.) is considered as the first establisher of physics and chemistry, for he instructed their bases to his disciple Jabir bin Hayyan, the pride of the East and the pioneer of development in the earth. Al-Jawad (a.s.) proved what the Shia believe about the imamate. Though he was very young, he was
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Ameerul Momineen Ali ibne Abi Talib (a.s.) said: Then I am the Remembrance from whom the people have deviated and the Path from whom the people have strayed and the Faith in which they have disbelieved and the Quran that they have abandoned and the Religion that they have denied and the Path from which they have diverted.
(Al-Kaafi, vol. 8, p. 27)

skilled in all the different sciences. He was asked by the ulama and the jurisprudents about everything, and he answered all of them, and this caused Shiism to spread everywhere at that time and led most of the ulama to believe in imamate.
Many ulama, jurisprudents and narrators met with Imam al-Jawad (a.s.) while he was seven years and some months of age. They surrounded him to drink from the spring of his knowledge. They narrated from him answers to many philosophical and theological questions. This is the clearest evidence of the Shia’s belief in imamate.

Infallibility
There is another very important quality that the Shia believe inherent to their imams. It is the infallibility of the imams and their immunity from entering into any field of sin and unlawfulness. This is a clear fact with no room for doubt. He who ponders over the lives of the pure imams will find this fact very clear.
Imam Ali (a.s.) has said, “By Allah, if I were to be given the seven regions with all that is under their spheres just to disobey Allah by depriving an ant of a husk of a barley grain, I would not do so.” Is infallibility other than this?!
If Imam Husain (a.s.) had made peace with the Umayyads and submitted to their policies, he would not have faced the misfortunes and disasters of Karbala. Infallibility was the most prominent quality of the imams. They had great faith and infinite powers of piety that protected them from committing any sort of sin.
who performed worship at his time, the most reverent to Allah and the sincerest in obeying Him, like all the pure imams from his fathers had been before him and had devoted their lives to Allah and done all that might take them closer to Allah. The forms of his worships were as follows:
His Offering Recommended Worships (Nafila)
Imam al-Jawad (a.s) used to offer a lot of recommended worships (nawafil).
Narrators of traditions have reported that he would offer two rak’as (units of prayer), in each of which he would recite the Surah of al-Fatehah and the sura of al-Ikhlaas (112) seventy times.
(Wassa’il ash-Shia, vol. 5, p. 298)
He would offer a lot of worship in the month of Rajab. Ar-Rayyan bin as-Salt said, “When Abu Ja’far the second was in Baghdad, he fasted on the middle and the twenty-seventh of Rajab and all his servants fasted with him. He ordered us to offer a prayer that was twelve rak’ats.
In each rak’a we had to recite the sura of al-Fatiha and another surah, and when we finished the prayer, we recited the surahs of al-Fatehah, al-Ikhlaas, al-Falaq
(113) and an-Naas (114) four times each, and laa elaaha illal laaho wal laaho akbar, subhaanal laahe wal hamdo lillaah, wa laa hawla wa laa quwwata illaa billaahil a’liyyil azeem1 four times.”2
Imam al-Jawad (a.s.) said, “In Rajab there is a night that is better than all that the sun rises on: it is the night of the twenty- seventh.” He mentioned a special prayer to be offered that night.3

Infallibility, in this frame, does not contradict knowledge and is not irregular to the laws of life. He who denies the infallibility of the imams of Ahlul Bayt (a.s.) will deviate from the truth and incline towards the untruth.

His Worship
Imam al-Jawad (a.s.) was the truest worshipper
His Hajj
Imam Abu Ja’far al-Jawad (a.s.) performed the hajj many times. Al-Hasan bin Ali al-Kufi narrated some of Imam al-Jawad (a.s.)’s worships during the hajj. He
⦁ There is no god but Allah and Allah is great, glory be to Allah and praise be to Allah, there is no power and strength save in Allah, the High, the Great.
⦁ Wasaael al-Shia, vol. 5, p. 243

said, “I saw Abu Ja’far the second (a.s.) in 215 (or 225) AH bid farewell to the House (the Kaaba)…he circumambulated the House and kissed the Yemeni Corner in every turn. In the seventh turn, he kissed the corner and the Black Rock and rubbed his hand (over the Rock) and then rubbed his face with his hand. Then, he came to the Maqaam of Ibrahim and offered a prayer of two rak’as behind it. He went to the rear of the Kaaba, removed his dress from his abdomen and stayed long supplicating Allah.
Then, he went out from the gate of al-Hannatin and left. In 219 AH I saw him bid farewell to the House in the night. He kissed the Yemeni Corner and the Black Rock in every turn. In the seventh turn, he went to the rear of the Kaaba near the Yemeni Corner and on the rectangular rock. He removed the dress from his abdomen, kissed the Rock and rubbed on it. He went to the Temple, offered prayer behind it and then he left and did not come back to the House. He stayed at the rear of the Kaaba (al-Multazam) as much as the period of the circumambulation of some of our companions who circumambulated seven or eight turns…”1
Ali bin Mahziyar narrated, ‘I saw Abu Ja’far the second (a.s.) in the night of ziyarah (visit) make the circumambulation of women (Tawaafun Nisa) and offer prayer behind the Maqaam of Ibrahim. Then, he entered the well of Zamzam and ladled some water with the bucket. He drank some and pour some over some of his body…one of our companions told me that he had seen him (Imam al-Jawad (a.s.)) in the next year do the same thing.’2
This detailed description of narrators is because
1 Wasaaelush Shia, vol. 10, p. 232
2 Ibid., vol. 9, p. 515
the actions of the imams are from the Sunna of the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) as done by the Imams (a.s.) that the Shia follow in their worship.

His Supplications
Imam al-Jawad (a.s.) had many supplications showing the extent of his devotedness to Allah the Almighty.
From among his supplications is this one:
“O You Who has no like or an example, You are Allah; there is no god but You. There is no creator save You. You annihilate the creatures and You remain. You are patient with whoever disobeys You. In forgiveness is Your satisfaction…”3
Once, Muhammad bin al-Fuzail had written to him asking to teach him a supplication. Imam al-Jawad (a.s.) wrote to him,
“In the morning and in the evening you say: ‘Allah, Allah is my Lord, the Beneficent, the Merciful. I do not associate with Him anything’ and if you add to this more, it will be good for you. You supplicate Allah with this supplication to satisfy your need because it is for everything by the will of Allah the Almighty and Allah does whatever He likes.”4
The supplications of the infallible imams show the essence of sincerity and obedience to Allah. They had devoted themselves to Allah and His love had been impressed in their feelings and emotions and so they were wholeheartedly devoted when supplicated Him.
⦁ A’yan ash-Shia, vol. 2, 4 p. 245
⦁ Oyoon Akhbar al-Reza, vol. 2, p. 534
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Ameerul Momineen Ali Ibn Abi Talib (a.s.) said – I complained to Allah’s Prophet (s.a.w.a.) about those who envied me. The Prophet (s.a.w.a.) said – O Ali! Are you not happy that the first ones who go to Heaven are me and you. Then our offspring will enter after us. Then our followers will come from the right and left.
(Al-Khesaal, chap. 4, trad. 128)