Traditions of Imam Husain (a.s.)

Baqir Shareef al-Qurashi

91

1.Imam Husain (a.s.) said:

“The Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.a.) prayed for the rain as follows: O Allah! Bestow us a rain, which is widespread and according to our needs, general and beneficial without any harm, which spreads to all towns and villages and increases our sustenance and increases our thankfulness. O Allah! Make it the sustenance of faith and bestowal of faith; such that your bestowals are never prevented. O Allah! Send its comfort on us on the earth and through it make our pastures green.'”

(Uyunul Akhbar, vol. 2, p. 303)

2.  Imam Husain (a.s.) has narrated from his father that the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.a.) said:”The secret of reason after faith in Allah, the Mighty and Sublime, is to befriend the people.”(Al-Khisal, p. 15)

3. Imam Husain (a.s.) has narrated from his father that the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.a.) said:”Man shall not proceed before he is interrogated about four things: About his life, how he spent it. About his youth, how he exhausted it. About his wealth, how he obtained it and how he spent it. And love of us Ahle Bayt.”(Al-Khisal, p. 253)

4.Muhammad bin Ali bin al-Husain (a.s.) has narrated: I came out walking with my grandfather, Husain bin Ali (a.s.) to his land. On the way I saw Noman bin Bashir riding a pony. He alighted and told to Imam Husain (a.s.): “Mount it, O Aba Abdillah!” Imam Husain (a.s.) did not agree and he continued to press him. Imam Husain (a.s.) said:

“You are making me do something I do not like but I would relate a tradition for you that my mother, Fatemah (s.a.) had related to me: The Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.a.) said: The person on the mount and on his bed and the prayer in its home is more preferable except that it be the Friday congregation, so you should mount your animal.”Thus he went off calmly. Noman said, “Fatemah said the truth…”(Az-Zariayut Taahira, pp. 137-138)

5.  Fatemah, the daughter of Imam Husain (a.s.) has narrated from her father from Fatemah the daughter of the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.a.) from the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.a.) that he said:”He has not done anything good for himself if he spend the night till morning came while he did not make (do) anything.” (Az-Zariayut Taahira, p. 138; Musnad al-Firdaus, vol. 41)

6. Imam Husain (a.s.) says:

I asked my father about the life of the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.a.) in the presence of his companions and the Imam (a.s.) said, “The Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.a.) was always cheerful and had simple manners. He has softness of character and not sharpness or hardness. Nor was he hot-tempered, obscene, fault finder or sour faced. He used to ignore what he did not like. No one used to be disheartened by him and none was ever deprived by him. He used to keep away from three things:

Disputation, to consider something or someone too great and that with which he was not related and kept away from three things about the people. He did not criticize anyone, he was not finding fault in anyone and he was never in pursuit the evils of the people. He did not speak anything except that he hoped in its reward and whenever he spoke his companions bowed down their heads as if there was a bird on the head and when he was silent, they were speaking. He never quarreled with them and heard attentively to all those who spoke to him so that they may complete their dialogue. Whenever he was first to speak, he used to laugh with that which people laughed and he used to be astonished with what others were astonished. He used to stop with the travelers (aliens) inspite of their harsh manners of speaking and act according to their desires; so much so that he used to call his friends and say: If you find a needy person who needs anything, bring him to me; and he did not accept thanks from anyone except that he used to reward him according to his deed.

He did not cut off the sentence of anyone except when he was going away from the truth. In this case he used to cut off his statement either by stopping him or by getting up himself…(Al-Husain (a.s.), vol. 1, p. 86)

7. Imam Husain (a.s.) has narrated from his father that the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w.a.) said:

“I am surprised on one who refrains from food due to illness, how he does not refrain from his sins for the fear of the Fire.” (Bahauddin Amili, Arbaeen, p. 111)

8. Imam Husain (a.s.) said:

I heard my father say: “Faith is recognition with the heart and confession by the tongue
and action by the physical organs.”(Al-Husain (a.s.), vol. 1, p. 140)

9.Imam Husain (a.s.) has narrated from his father (a.s.) that he (a.s.) said:

“The Almighty Allah has concealed four things in four (other) things. His pleasure in His obedience. Then do not consider anything in obedience of Allah small that perhaps His pleasure was in favor and you do not know. And He concealed His displeasure in disobedience. So do not consider anything small in disobedience of the Lord. As perhaps it may become the cause of His anger, while you do not know. And He concealed His acceptance in His supplication. So do not consider any supplication small, perhaps it may bring His acceptance and you do not know. And He concealed Himself in His creatures. So do not consider a creature of God as lowly, perhaps he may be the selected one of God and you do not know.”(Al-Khisal, p. 209)

10. Imam Husain (a.s.) has said:

“O People! Fear these two extremes, those who compare God with themselves and say like the unbelievers from the people of the Book while He is such a God that there is nothing like Him and He is the Hearing and Seeing, that eyes could not see Him and He sees all visions. And He is the Subtle and Omniscient, He has made Oneness and power special for Himself, intention, power and knowledge, which, He has used. There is no obstacle in His command and none could be equal to Him and no opponent could precede Him. And neither is there anything having a similar name which could be like Him and nor anyone like Him could precede Him. No actions surround Him and nor conditions are effective upon Him. Events do not happen to Him and words are not capable to describe the reality of His greatness. The magnitude of His powers could be accommodated in the hearts because there is nothing equal to Him. His knowledge cannot be perceived by intellect and neither by thinkers through their thoughts. But, certainly and by belief of the unseen He cannot be compared to anything in the universe. He is such a Oneness, that is needless. He is against all imaginations about Him. Whatever is in the imagination of man, God is other than it and whatever is imagined is not God. And whatever…And not a deity who is desirous and undesirous. He is present in the things not in existence that there should be an obstacle for Him. He is distant from the things but in such a way that He should be hidden from them. He is not such a powerful one that there could be someone in His opposition or equal to Him. His antiquity is not related to any time period and His presence is not related to a place (space). He is concealed from the intellect just as His concealment from the eyes and His concealment in the sky is same as that His concealment from the inhabitants of the earth. His proximity implies the bestowal of His favors and His remoteness indicates that He makes someone worthless and not in the sense that He is in some place or time. He changes non-existence into existence and makes the existing one non­existing. Except for Him, no one could have the two equalities at the same time. Faith in His existence is received through Him only and existence of faith is not existence based on description. All qualities are described through Him and not that He is described through qualities. And all the divine recognitions are recognized through Him and not that Allah is recognized through these divine sciences. And He is that Allah for Whom there is no one with the same name. He is purified of everything and there is nothing like Him and He is the hearing, the seeing.”(Tohaful Uqool, p. 244)

11. Imam Husain (a.s.) mentioned about the types of worship and said:

“A group worships God due to greed, which is the worship of entrepreneurs. And a group worships God due to fear. It is the worship of slaves. And a group worships Allah by way of thankfulness and that is the worship of freemen and it is the best kind of worship.”(Beharul Anwaar, vol. 78, p. 116; Tohaful Uqool, p. 246)

12.Imam Husain (a.s.) said,

“Forbearance is an ornament, having loyalty, tolerance, good behavior, bounty and more desire is shamelessness, precedence, foolishness, is a weakness; extremism (ghuluw), to fall into a doubt and to cultivate company of debased people are mischiefs and company of sinners creates doubts, and company of the debased ones is an evil, and sitting with transgressors creates doubts…”(Nurul Absar, p. 277)

13. Imam Husain (a.s.) said,

“A needful one has staked his honor by asking, so You maintain Your honor by not turning him away empty-handed.”(Nurul Absar, p. 277; Kashful Ghumma, vol. 2, p. 29)

14.Imam Husain (a.s.) said to Ibn Abbas,

“Do not speak about that which is not related to you. As I am fearful of the sin on you and do not speak about that which is not related to you so that you are called to testify for it later. Many are the speakers who speak the truth but become butts of criticism. And neither should you argue with forbearing people nor with fools; as the forbearing one would change you and the fool will cause you pain. And whenever a believer brother passes before you, do not say anything about him except what he says about you, when you pass before him. And act like one who knows that sinful deeds will be punished and good deeds will be rewarded…”(Behaarul Anwaar, vol. 78, p. 127)

15.Imam Husain (a.s.) said:”Brothers are four: A brother is for you and for himself and a brother is for you and a brother due to you and a brother who is neither for you not for himself.?”Then the Imam (a.s.) explained as follows:

“A brother who is for himself and for you, he is such a brother who wants to maintain his brotherhood and for his brotherhood he does not desire death for the brother. Then it is for you and for himself, because if brotherhood is established, both their lives shall become good and if the brotherhood becomes conflicting, both of them shall be spoiled. And the brotherhood that is for you is a brotherhood that has taken itself out from greed to attachment. Thus if there is brotherly love there would not be greed in the world and he will be ready for you wholly. And the brotherhood that is upon you, it is the brotherhood, which is waiting for an opportunity about you, and who conceals the secrets for you and tells lies about you to the people, and looks at your face with eyes of jealously that the curse of Allah may be on him. And the brotherhood which neither for you nor for him is that the Almighty Allah has made him a complete fool and kept him away from His mercy. Thus you will see him that he is showing his superiority to you, and there is nothing that he sees in you but that he demands it…”(Behaarul Anwaar, vol. 78, p. 119)

16.Imam Husain (a.s.) said:”Study of knowledge is the result of divine recognition and more experience increases intellect and nobility, piety, contentment and comfort are bodies and one who considers you a friend restrains you and whoever is inimical to you, deceives you.”(Behaarul Anwaar, vol. 78, p. 128)

17. A Bani Umayyad person gave a lot of charity but it was not lawful wealth, thus the Imam (a.s.) said:

“His simile is like that of a person who robs Hajj Pilgrims, then gives those things away in charity. Indeed charity is of the one who sweated in obtaining it and got his face smeared in dust (i.e. he worked very hard).”(Daimul Islam, vol. 1, p. 249)

18.A person wrote a letter to him and asked Imam Husain (a.s.) to issue him two words of advice or to teach something in brief. So Imam Husain (a.s.) wrote to him,”One who desires an act for Allah’s disobedience, what he has desired will be fulfilled soonest and whatever he fears would come at the earliest. One who asks Allah for something in His disobedience, He takes him up very fast and that which he fears comes down very fast.”(Usul al-Kafi, vol. 2, p. 373)

19.A person wrote to Imam Husain (a.s.) to teach him something about the good of the world and the hereafter. The Imam (a.s.) wrote back to him,”So to say: One who seeks the pleasure of Allah with displeasure of people, the Almighty Allah will make him needless of people. One who seeks the pleasure of people with displeasure of Allah, the Almighty Allah leaves him to the people. And peace (be upon you)!”(Saduq, Majalis, p. 268; Behaarul Anwaar, vol. 78, p. 126)

20.Imam Husain (a.s.) said:

“On everything that the sun shines on the east and west of the earth, be it in the sea or land, on the plains or on the mountains, that on whichever part of land the sun shines, it is for every saint of God and all this is like a shadow for those who have recognition of God.”(Behaarul Anwaar, vol. 78, p. 306)