Allah (s.w.t.) says in the Holy Quran Say:
“No reward do I ask of you for this except the love of my near of kin”
(Holy Quran, 42:22)
The act of Azadari is a practical implementation of this verse of the Holy Quran known as the verse of “Mawaddat”.
This verse of the Holy Quran orders every Muslim to love the Ahlul Bait (a.s.). Hence the love of the AhlulBait (a.s.) is obligatory.
As per the narrations of the Imam (a.s.)’s there are no fixed ways of expressing ones love towards the AhlulBait (a.s.) and hence any act (which does not go against the clear and specific laws of Islam) done with the intension of expressing love for the AhlulBait (a.s.) is praised and accepted by the AhlulBait (a.s.). Below we quote a couple of narrations of the Imam (a.s.)’s to prove this.
Anas bin Maalik narrates:
Once I was with Imam Husain (a.s.) when a slave girl came and gave a bundle of flower to Imam Husain (a.s.) as a gift. In return Imam Husain (a.s.) said the slave girl, I have freed you in path of Allah (s.w.t.).
Anas then said to Imam Husain (a.s.), “This slave girl gave you a bundle of flower which is of no value and in return you freed her?”
Imam Husain (a.s.) said,
“When a (courteous) greeting/gift is offered you, meet it with a greeting still more
courteous, or (at least) of equal courtesy. Allah takes careful account of all things.”
[Holy Quran 4:86)
Hence the return for the bundle of flowers that she gave was this only that she be freed.(Behaar al-Anwaar, vol. 44, p. 195)
It is quoted in Tafseer Al-Ayashi from Bareed Ibn Muawiya Al-Ijli, he said:
“I was in the holy presence of Abu Ja’far (a.s.), while a slave came walking all the way from Khurasan, he took off his shoes and said, “I have not come from where I travelled, but for your love O! Ahlulbait (a.s.).”
Then Imam Abu Ja’far (a.s.) said,
“I swear by Allah (s.w.t.) that if a stone loves us, it will be raised with us, and what is divine religion besides love?
Surely Allah (s.w.t.) says:
“Say: “If ye do love Allah, Follow me: Allah will love you…. And he (a.s.) added:”
They love those who migrates towards them, and what is the divine religion, besides love”
(Tafseer Al Ayyashi, vol. 1, p. 167)
The above two narrations clearly indicate that any action (which does not go against the clear and specific laws of Islam) that is done as an expression of love towards the AhlulBait (a.s.) is considered good and acceptable in the eyes of the Imam (a.s.)’s and hence will considered as acting upon the verse of Mawaddat
“Say: No reward do I ask of you for this except the love of my near of kin”
[Holy Quran, 42:22)
This is also very clearly specified in the following narration of Imam Sadiq (a.s.):
Abu Abdillah (Imam Sadiq (a.s.)) said:
“Crying and Jaza is Makruh for the slaves (of Allah) over any matter except crying and Jaza over Husain ibn Ali (a.s.). Verily the one who cries and acts impatiently over Husain (a.s.) will be rewarded.”
(Kamil al-Ziyarat, Chapter 32, Hadees 2)
Here is another narration which talks about beating
the cheeks for Imam Husain (a.s.):
“The family of Fatima (peace be upon her) tore off their collars and slapped their cheeks upon Husain son of Ali (a.s.), upon the likes of Husain (a.s.), cheeks must [certainly] be slapped and collars must be torn”
(Al-Tahzeeb, vol. 8, p. 325]
Even the acts which are originally part of culture of the people in a particular area/country will be considered as acceptable and valid and those who do it will be rewarded. This has been very clearly said by Imam Ali (a.s.):
“Do not give up those practices and do not break those rules which good Muslims have evolved or introduced before you, which have created unity and amity among the various sections of the society and which have benefited the masses. Do not break them and do not introduce innovations because if you do away with those good rules and traditions, the reward of having introduced them will go to those who evolved them and the punishment of having despoiled them will be your lot.”
(Nahjul Balagha, Letter 53)
The same as above is stated by Imam Muhammad Baqir (a.s.):
Imam Abu Ja’far Muhammad b. Ali (a.s.) said: “Whoever sets a balanced, just tradition, which is then followed by the people, he earns the reward of everyone who acts accordingly, without they losing anything from their
rewards. And whoever sets an unjust tradition, which is then followed, he shall bear the burden of those who act accordingly, without any mitigation in the burdens of the followers.”
[Al Amali – Sheikh Mufeed, 23th Assembly, Hadees no. 19]
To give an example here, Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.a.) very clearly commanded us to build mosques and he himself built quite a few under his supervision. So this becomes a sufficient evidence for saying that building a mosque is “Mustahab”, a good deed and any one who builds a mosque will be rewarded for the same.
But the mosques that we see today in our era are quite different from the mosques that the Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.a.) built. The mosques that we build today are influenced by the culture/background/ era we live in. For example the mosques in today’s era have minarets which were never built by Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.a.) but still even if someone contributes in building a minaret of a mosque he will be also be surely rewarded as per the reward of a person who builds a mosque.
It will be utterly false to say that building a mosque is a good deed but building the minarets of the mosque is not “Mustahab” because the Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.a.) and the Imam (a.s.)’s never built any.
Similarly in Azadari of Imam Husain (a.s.) it will be utterly incorrect to say that any act of Azadari (be it Qama Zani, Zanjeer Zani, etc etc) are not “Mustahab” because none of the Imam (a.s.)’s have done it.
Limitations in Azadari
Now let’s see what’s the extent to which one can go in expressing his love towards the AhlulBait (a.s.). Following is what Holy Quran says about the extent to which Prophet Yaqub (a.s.) went in mourning for this son Prophet Yusuf (a.s.):
And he turned away from them, and said: “How great is my grief for Yusuf!” And his eyes became white with sorrow, and he fell into silent melancholy. They said: “By Allah!
(Never) wilt thou cease to remember Yusuf until thou reach the last extremity of illness, or until thou die!”
(Holy Quran, 12:84)
Then when the bearer of the good news came, He cast (the shirt) over his face, and he forthwith regained clear sight. He said: “Did I not say to you, ‘I know from Allah that which ye know not?”
(Holy Quran, 12:96)
From the above two verses we understand that Prophet Yaqub (a.s.) wept for Prophet Yusuf (a.s.) to such an extent that his eye sight was affected as it required a miracle in the form of the shirt of Prophet Yusuf (a.s.) to cure it. Also the mourning of Prophet Yaqub (a.s.) was such that his other sons got the impression that he would get himself extremely ill or killed because of mourning.
The above verse of the Holy Quran clearly defines the permissible extent for mourning.
In line with the above verse we have the following narration of Imam Ali (a.s.) on hurting ones self: “These are my comrades who have departed. We should be justified if we feel eager for them and bite our hands in their separation.”
(Nahjul Balagha Sermon 119 or 120 or 121 – varies from one print to another)
Another narration on putting one’s life in danger not for Imam Husain (a.s.) but for the Ziyarah of Imam Husain (a.s.):
Part of long narration from Imam Sadiq (a.s.) teaching a
Ziyarah of Imam Husain (a.s.):
“Salam upon You, O Wali of Allah. Salam upon You, O Aba Abdillah. You are my protection from the chastisement. This is the time for me to leave You although I am not abondoning you, And I am not replacing You with any one other than You. And I am not giving preference to somone else over you. And have not lost the desire to be near you.
I have put myself in danger and left my family and homeland. Therefore be there for me on the day of my need, poverty and indegence, the day when my parents, my children, my intimate friends, my companions and my relatives will not help me.”
(Kamil al-Ziyaaraat, Chapter 84, Hadees 2)
Continued from page 10
People of Eulogies and Elegies
Imam Sadiq (a.s.) said:
All praise is for Allah, who has placed amongst the people, those who arrive in our presence, eulogizing us and reciting elegies about us.
(Wasaael al-Shiah, vol. 10, p. 469)
Poetry Recitation During the Period of Mourning
Imam Reza (a.s.) said (to De’bil, a poet sincerely
devoted to the Ahlul Bayt):
I desire that you recite for me poetry, for surely, these days (of the month of Muharram) are the days of grief and sorrow, which have passed over us, Ahlul Bayt.
(Mustadrak al-Wasaael, vol. 10, p. 386)
Shiites, The Companions and Associates
Imam Ali (a.s.) said:
Surely, Allah has chosen for us followers (Shiites), who assist us and are happy at our happiness and are sad in our sadness.
(Ghorar al-Hekam, vol. 1, p. 135)
Paradise, The Recompense of A’zadari
Imam Ali Ibn al-Husain (a.s.) used to say:
Every Mu’min, whose eyes shed tears upon the killing of Husain Ibn Ali (a.s..) and his companions, such that the tears roll down his cheeks, Allah shall accommodate him in the elevated rooms of Paradise.