Merits of Ziyarat of Imam Husain (a.s.) in the Light of Traditions

Zahid Hussain

72
Martyrdom of Imām al Ḥasan (a.s.)

Every child who is born in a Shiite household desires that he should, as soon as it may be possible, reach Karbala for the ziyarat of Hazrat Imam Husain (a.s.). While numerous traditions are available from Imams (a.s.) regarding the importance of the same, the objective of this article is more than that. We may find that from time to time, we are so absorbed in this worldly life that we become unaware of ourselves. It is only when we fall ill or are involved in some difficulty that we reflect upon our lives and correct course to improve ourselves. In the same manner, our souls fall ill because of our inclination towards the materialistic life. During this time when a person turns towards the traditions of Imam (a.s.), their words become the cause for improvement in our spirituality and also encourage us towards action.Here are some traditions regarding the importance of ziyarat of HazratImam Husain (a.s.).

1. Imam Baqir (a.s.) said,
“One who wants to know if he will be from the people of paradise or not should present our love to his heart. If his heart accepts them, then he is a believer. And one who loves us, should surely desire going for the ziyarat of Imam Husain (a.s.). One who repeatedly performs the ziyarat of Imam Husain (a.s.) is recognized by us as our lover and he will be among the folks of Paradise, whereas the faith of one who does not perform the Ziyarat of Imam Husain (a.s.) is incomplete.”

(Kaameluz Ziyaaraat, chapter 78, tradition no. 4; Behaarul Anwaar, vol. 101, tradition no. 16)

2. Imam Sadiq (a.s.) said,

“When Allah intends good for a person, He places the love of Imam Husain (a.s.) and the love of his ziyarat in his heart. When Allah intends evil for a person, He places the hatred of Imam Husain (a.s.) and the hatred of his ziyarat in his heart.” (Kaameluz Ziyaaraat, chapter 55, tradition no. 3; Beharul Anwar, volume 101, tradition no. 34)

3. Imam Sadiq (a.s.) said,

“There is no one but that on Judgment Day he will wish to be among the visitors of Imam Husain (a.s.), because they will see the way in which the visitor of Imam Husain (a.s.) is honoured and treated by Almighty Allah.”

(Kaameluz Ziyaaraat, chapter 50, tradition no. 1; Beharul Anwar, volume 101, tradition no. 19)

4. Imam Sadiq (a.s.) said,
“On Judgment Day, visitors of Imam Husain (a.s.) will be given an excellence over others.” The narrator asked, “What is it?” Imam (a.s.) replied, “They will enter Paradise forty years before others; whereas others have to wait in the accounting process.”

(Kaameluz Ziyaaraat, chapter 53, tradition no. 1; Beharul Anwar, volume 101, tradition no. 26)

5. Imam Sadiq (a.s.) said:
I heard my father ask one of his followers, who had inquired about the Ziyarat of Imam Husain (a.s.), “To whose Ziyarat are you going and whose pleasure do you seek by this Ziyarat?” He replied, “Allah, the blessed and exalted.” My father said: One who prays one prayer at the grave of Imam Husain (a.s.) seeking proximity with Allah will meet Him on Judgment Day shining so brightly that his light will cover everything that looks at them. Allah will honour one who performs the Ziyarat of Imam Husain (a.s.) and He will prevent Hellfire from touching him. He will not be prevented from coming to Hauz Kauthar and no one will precede him. Ameerul Mo’meneen (a.s.) will be standing by the Pool and will shake his hands and serve water to him. Then he will enter his dwellings in Paradise accompanied by an angel appointed by Ameerul Mo’meneen (a.s.) who will order the Serat Bridge to lower itself before him and order Hellfire not to touch him till he passes over it.”

(Kaameluz Ziyaaraat, chapter 44, tradition no. 1; Beharul Anwar,

volume 101, tradition no. 39) 6. Imam Sadiq (a.s.) said, “Indeed Fatima (s.a.), daughter of Mohammed (s.a.w.s.), visits one who performs the Ziyarat of the grave of her son, Imam Husain (a.s.) and seeks forgiveness for his sins.” (Kaameluz Ziyaaraat, chapter 40, tradition no. 4; Beharul Anwar, volume 101, page 51)

7. Imam Sadiq (a.s.) said,

“Allah has appointed seventy thousand angels to pray at the grave of Imam Husain (a.s.). Each of their prayers equals a thousand prayers of a human being and the reward for their prayers is recorded for the visitors of Imam Husain (a.s.) – may Allah’s curse, curse of the angels and curse of all people be on those who martyred him.”

(Kaameluz Ziyaaraat, chapter 42, tradition no. 1; Beharul Anwar, volume 101, page 55)

8. Imam (a.s.) said,
“If a full year passes and one does not perform the ziyarat of Imam Husain (a.s.), a year from his life will be reduced by Allah. If I tell you that some of you die thirty years before your time of death, I have said the truth and this is because you ignore the ziyarat of Imam Husain (a.s.). So don’t omit the ziyarat, for Allah will prolong your lives and increase sustenance. But if you ignore it, Allah will shorten your lives and reduce your sustenance. Compete with one another in his ziyarat and don’t forsake it. Indeed Husain (a.s.) will bear witness on your behalf regarding this to Allah, His Messenger (s.a.w.s.), Fatemah (s.a.) and Ameerul Mo’meneen (a.s.).”

(Kaameluz Ziyaaraat, chapter 61, tradition no. 3; Beharul Anwar, volume 101, page 47)

9. Imam Sadiq (a.s.) said,

“One who performs the ziyarat of Imam Husain (a.s.) expecting divine rewards, without arrogance and ungratefulness and without seeking fame or to show off, will be purified of his sins just as clothes are purified with water. And no impurity will remain on them. With every foot he places, a Hajj will be written for him and every time he raises his foot, an Umrah will be written for him.”

(Kaameluz Ziyaaraat, chapter 57, tradition no. 1; Beharul Anwar,volume 101, tradition no. 6)

10. Imam Sadiq (a.s.) was asked about one who omits the ziyarat of Imam Husain (a.s.) forno reason. Imam (a.s.) said, “He will be from the people of Hell.”

(Kaameluz Ziyaaraat, chapter 78, tradition no. 5; Beharul Anwar,

volume 101, page no. 5)

11. Imam Sadiq (a.s.) said to Janab Muawiyah Ibne Wahab,

“Do you know that those who pray for the visitors of Imam Husain (a.s.) are more in the skies as compared to those on this earth. Holy Prophet (sawa), Ameerul Mo’meneen (a.s.) and Hazrat Zahra (s.a.) pray for the visitors to the grave of Imam Husain (a.s.). O son of Wahab! Know that the visitors of Imam Husain (a.s.) enjoy this unique merit that on the day of Judgement, Holy Prophet (sawa) will himself come forward to shake their hands.” (Kitab Manius Sibtain Fee Ahwaal-e-Hasan Wal Husain (a.s.), volume 1, page 19)

Dear readers, for the sake of brevity of this article, we are restricting the narration of traditions and will turn our attention to the benefits narrated for the visitors to the grave of Imam Husain (a.s.).

1. Ziyarat of Imam Husain (a.s.) is equal and as

per some traditions greater than Hajj or Umrah

2. Ziyarat of Imam Husain (a.s.) is one of the greatest source for forgiveness of sins

  1. Ziyarat of Imam Husain (a.s.) will be a source of comfort and ease on the day of Judgement
  2. Ziyarat of Imam Husain (a.s.) will be the cause for an elevated status on the day of Judgement
  3. It is the cause for long life
  4. It protects one health and wealth and a guarantee for increase in sustenance
  5. It is the cause for dispelling grief

8. To complete ziyarat is one way of fulfilling the right of Holy Prophet (sawa) upon us

9. Through the ziyarat of Imam Husain (a.s.) one can aspire to earn the pleasure of Allah and of all prophets and messengers

10. The visitor of Imam Husain (a.s.) will be in Allah’s protection and security in Qiyamat

  1. It is the cause for ease at the time of death and relief from fear of the grave
  2. The visitor of Imam Husain (a.s.) becomes eligible to earn reward from the worship of angels, prophets and messengers
  3. Angels are present during the funeral of the visitor of Imam Husain (a.s.) and they seek forgiveness for him
  4. Regarding his ziyarat, Imam Husain (a.s.) said, “One who visits me after my martyrdom, I will seek him out on the day of Judgement”
  5. Paradise is the minimum reward for the one who does ziyarat of Imam Husain (a.s.)
  6. After the ziyarat of Imam Husain (a.s.), the visitor is as if he has just been born from the womb of his mother (he is washed off all sins)
  7. A person should go at least once every year for the ziyarat of Imam Husain (a.s.)

If it is not possible for a person to visit Karbala, he can face Karbala and recite the ziyarat of Imam Husain (a.s.) wherever he may be

    1. The ziyarat of Imam Husain (a.s.) is one of the best ways to avoid the difficulties of this world and hereafter
    2. The ziyarat of Imam Husain (a.s.) is the best treasure for oneself and for one’s children in this world and hereafter
    3. The ziyarat of Imam Husain (a.s.) is the source of increase in faith and  strengthening it
    4. Prophets, angels and the infallibleThe visitor of Imam Husain (a.s.) will be grantedpermission for intercession of others on the day of Judgement Aimmah (a.s.) pray for the visitor of Imam Husain (a.s.)

    Conclusions

    Dear readers, for the sake of brevity, we have restricted ourselves to only few traditions outlining the merits of ziyarat of Imam Husain (a.s.) from the large treasure of traditions available on this subject. Here are some conclusions from these traditions which will be beneficial for us. Inshallah.

    1. Since Allah has granted us the best

    wealth of this world and hereafter, it is important that we incline towards the ziyarat of Imam Husain (a.s.) in our hearts and also make efforts for its sake. There is no doubt that only permission from Imam (a.s.) can take us for his ziyarat, but there are some preliminaries like having a passport etc., which we should fulfil.

    2. Apart from those who are wealthy to travel, for those who are not financially strong, our Aimmah (a.s.) have recommended that if possible, a person should take a loan and go for ziyarat of Imam Husain (a.s.). One should not unnecessarily delay this matter. There are two reasons for the same.

    Firstly, there is no guarantee of life. Death may overtake us any time. A person saw Imam Sajjad (a.s.) preparing for Hajj in his childhood. He remarked that O son! You have a long life ahead of you (as if he were asking the Imam – why are you going for Hajj so early in life?). The Imam (a.s.) replied, have you not seen death coming to children younger than me?

    Secondly, as per the traditions from Aimmah (a.s.), the one who delays this matter is worthy of Hell.

    3. Traditions from Aimmah (a.s.) inform us that one should not delay ziyarat for the sake of any worldly matter. If a person does that, neither will his work get done and nor will he get the opportunity for ziyarat.

    1. In these matters of worship, one of the strongest ruses of Shaitaan is to put this thought in our mind that we will travel for ziyarat along with everybody in the family. If this is possible, then very good. If not, then one should travel as many can go now and pray to Imam (a.s.) that he grants us the opportunity to travel again in future with our families.
    2. One should travel for the ziyarat of Imam Husain (a.s.) and other Aimmah (a.s.) as many times as it may be possible
    3. If one observes that there are hurdles which prevent him from travelling to ziyarat, he should pay attention to performance of obligatory acts like namaz and seek forgiveness for his sins.

    7. The tradition which informs us that ziyarat of Imam Husain (a.s.) is equivalent to 70 accepted Hajj and Umrah should not in any way prevent

    has deceived you. May Allāh (s.w.t.) disgrace you both through His punishment”. Then Imām (a.s.) remained in pain for two days and then joined his Eminent Grandfather (s.a.w.a.) and Exalted Father (a.s.).

    As Imām (a.s.) had predicted, Mu’āwiyah did not honour his promise with her. According to a report, he gave her the money that he had promised her, but refused to marry her to Yazīd, saying, “The one who has not been faithful to Ḥasan (a.s.), shall also not be faithful to Yazīd”.

    Shaikh al Mufīd relates, that when a peace- treaty was concluded between Imām al Ḥasan (a.s.) and Mu’āwiyah, Imām (a.s.) left for Madīnah and continuously controlled his anger and sat in his house, awaiting the command of his Allāh (s.w.t.). Ten years of the rule of Mu’āwiyah passed away and he desired to take the pledge of allegiance (Bay’ah) for his son Yazīd. However, since this was against the terms of the treaty entered into with Imām al Ḥasan (a.s.), for this reason, and also the admiration and honour that Imām (a.s.) held in the eyes of the people, he feared him. Ultimately, he made up his mind to kill Imām al Ḥasan (a.s.). He called for a poison from the Roman king1 and sent it along with a hundred thousand dirhams for Ja’dah bint Ash’ath bin Qays and promised to her that if she poisoned Imām al Ḥasan (a.s.) by it, he would marry her to Yazīd. Hearing this, she was overcome with greed for wealth and the false promise and therefore poisoned Imām al Ḥasan (a.s.) in a drink. Imām (a.s.) remained sick for forty days, while the poison had continuous effect upon him. Ultimately, he passed away in the month of Ṣafar, the fiftieth year of Hijrah, while his age was forty-seven years. His Caliphate (Khilāfah) lasted for ten years, while his