Your Questions Answered

Answers by Allama Sayyed Mohammad Moosawi Saheb

71

Q. Is it permissible to play taped Azaan even though persons may be present who can give the prayer-call?

A.It is permissible provided it is played at the right time of prayer.

Q. If anyone commits for a mannat that he would perform Namaz on the fulfilment of his wish then can he perform the Namaz before the fulfilment of his mannat?

 A. If the mannat is for the obligatory (wajib) Namaz then commitment of a mannat is not necessary and it is to be performed in all conditions. If the mannat is for a Mustahab (desirable) Namaz then it is not obligatory to perform it before the fulfilment of the mannat.

Q. Can a person perform tayammum before the time of prayers sets in?

A. The person cannot perform tayammum unless the time for prayers sets in. But if he has performed tayammum for some obligatory or recommended act and his excuse (on account of which his religious obligation is tayammum) continues till the time for prayers sets in, he can offer his prayers with that tayammum. However, if he knows that his excuse will cease to exist by the end of the time of prayers, he should wait and offer prayers with ablutions or bath, as the case may be.

Q. May a person observing a Mustahab fast, break it during the day if a Momin offers him/her something to eat?

 A. If a person observes a Mustahab fast, it is not obligatory on him to complete it. In fact, if one of his brethren-in-faith invites him to a meal, it is Mustahab that he accepts the invitation and breaks the fast during the day time even if it may be after Zohr.

Q. If someone dies in debt and has not performed the Hajj but has left a small amount of money should it be used for the Hajj or to pay back the debt?

 A. According to Sayyed al-Khoei, the debt to Allah is greater and the Hajj takes preference, so the money should be used to send someone on behalf of the Hajj. Sayyed Seestani, says that the money should be given in order to may off the debt.

Q. Is it obligatory for a person who gets some property from a person who does not believe in paying khums, to pay khums for it?

 A. It is not obligatory for the receiver to pay the khums. Similarly, it is the not the responsibility of the person who receives a gift or purchases something on which khums has not been paid, to do so.

Q. Is it sufficient to recite the translation of the Qur’an for fulfilling a ‘Nazr’ (Vow) in which the intention was to recite the Qur’an?

 A. Reading the translation of the Qur’an cannot suffice as recitation of the Arabic Qur’an unless, of course, you had intended to read its translation while doing Nazr.

Q. Hazrat Sulayman (a.s.) prays to Allah Ta’ala by saying: “Grant me a dominion such as shall not befit any one after me.” Does it mean that Imam-e-Zaman (a.s.)’s kingdom will be inferior to that of Hazrat Sulayman (a.s.)?

A. On the Contrary, Imam-e-Zaman (a.s.)’s kingdom will encompass the whole world whereas Hazrat Sulayman (a.s.)’s kingdom was confined to one continent only. During the reign of Imam-e-Zaman (a.s.) there will be no Pakistan, India, America or Saudi Arabia in existence. The whole world will be one big Islamic country.

Q. It is not necessary to touch the toes on bare ground while prostrating in Namaz. So why can’t a person wear shoes in Namaz when he is permitted to wear socks and stand on a covered ground?

 A. There are shoes whose front portions are not covered, allowing the big toes to touch the floor, which can be worn during Namaz. Other than this, it is not permissible to wear other types of shoes during Namaz. One probable reason could be that removing footwear is considered to be a sign of humility, which is one of the main essences of submission before one’s Creator, Nourisher and Sustainer.

Q. What is the possible benefit of punishment in the Hereafter?

A. Punishment is natural reflection and consequence of a bad deed. Reward is also a natural consequence of a good deed. Punishment of crimes is essential to eliminate evil acts in the society. Without such punishment, life would be catastrophic, as nothing will limit crimes and injustice. The fear of punishment stops many people from committing evil. This life will not be peaceful without a punishment here and in the Hereafter. The punishment in the Hereafter is more important as it also controls those sins which are not seen publicly. In short, peaceful and perfect life is impossible without a punishment against sins and crimes here and in the Hereafter.

Q. Should custody of a child be given to a husband after divorce, who does not pray and drinks alcohol?

A. The father has the right to the custody of the child; if it’s a boy, after 2 years and if it’s a girl after 7 years. The hakim-e-Sharah (religious authority) can pressurize the father to mend his ways and to leave bad habits before giving custody of the child to him.

Q. Gelatin commonly used in ice creams and kulfis are made from animal bones. Will it be permissible to eat them?

 A. If it is known that the animal is slaughtered lawfully, its bone will be permitted for use. When it is known that gelatin has been made from lawful bones or from vegetarian sources, it is clean. And eating ice-creams which uses such a gelatin would be permissible. If you know that it contains najis material, then it is haraam to eat it.

Q. Under what circumstances can a ‘Waqf (endowment or trust) property be sold?

A. Once a property is declared as a ‘Waqf property, neither the owner nor anybody can sell it or gift it to anyone else. Unless of course, if the endowed property is not sold there is fear of loss of life or property, that property may be sold and the money should be spent on a purpose which is nearest to the object of the person who made the endowment. Or when the person endowing it had allowed the sale under certain circumstances.

Q. Three brothers are partners in a business and one of them separates with his share. After some years, the brother returns to ask for his share from a room, which was not accounted earlier. Will he be paid according to the rate of the premises at the present rate or that, which existed at the termination of partnership?

 A. The person shall be paid his share according to the present rate of price.

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