Foundation of Masjid-e-Jamkaran


The accomplished Shaykh Hasan bin Muhammad bin Hasan Qummi, a contemporary of ShaykhSaduq (r.a.) has reported in Taareekh Qom1 quoting from the book of MoneesulHazeen fee Maarefatul Haqq wa Yaqeen2; by Shaykh Abu Ja’far Muhammad bin Babawayh Qummi as follows:

Chapter of the construction of Masjid Jamkaran at the instruction of Imam Muhammad Mahdi (a.t.f.s.):

The reason of construction of Masjid Jamkaran was that that Shaykh Afif Saaleh Hasan bin Muthla Jamkarani says:

It was the night of Tuesday, the seventeenth of the month of Ramazan 293 A.H.3 – and I was asleep in my house. A part of the night had passed. Some people came to my door and woke me up saying: Get up, Sahebuz Zamaan has summoned you. So I arose at once and said: All right, I’ll be there immediately. I picked up a shirt to put it on, but a voice came from inside the house: This is not your shirt. I put on another shirt; then reached for the Pajama; again a voice came that it was not mine. So I put it down and wore another. After that I started to search for the key, but a voice came: The door is already open. At last, I

reached the door to find many elders standing there. I greeted them; they replied and then conveyed me to the location where the Masjid stands today.

At that place I decried a wooden platform covered by a very fine carpet. A mattress and pillows were also arranged on it and a young man of around thirty years was seated there. Before him was an elderly gentleman, reading from a book. Around sixty persons, some dressed in white and some in green, were busy praying. I learnt that the young man was Hazrat Hujjat and the elderly gentleman was His Eminence, Khizr (a.s.). When I reached them, His Eminence, Khizr (a.s.) offered me a seat and Hazrat Hujjat addressed me by my name and said:

“Go to Hasan Muslim and tell him: You have put this land for your personal use since some years, and you try to cultivate crops on it, but we destroy them, in spite of that you do not desist. This year also you wanted to do the same. Now, you are not permitted to do so; and return whatever you have gained from this land, so that it can be utilized for building a Masjid on it. Tell him that this is an honored place and the Almighty Allah has bestowed it a special rank over other lands, which you are trying to include in your property. Your two adolescent sons passed away, but you did not heed the warnings. If you still don’t toe the line, you will be punished in such a way that you won’t know what hit you.” Hasan Maslah says: I said: My master, I would need a sign, as without it, no one would believe me. He said: We are leaving a sign here in order to verify your statements, you just convey the message. Go to Abul Hasan and ask him to recover from Hasan Muslim the profits he had made in last few years and hand the money over to others so that construction may commence; and the remaining expenses can be taken from the agricultural income of our lands at Rahaq. We have endowed half of this rural property in favor of this Masjid. Announce it to the people that they should become inclined to it and be devoted to it. They should recite four units (rakats) of prayer in it: Two units (rakats) of prayer for honoring of Masjid: in each unit (rakat) of which they should recite Surah Hamd once and Surah Tauheed seven times; in Ruku and Sujood, they should recite the praises seven times. After that recite two units (rakats) of Prayer of Imam Zamaan (a.t.f.s.), in the following manner: Begin with Surah Hamd and when you come to Iyyaka Na’bodo Wa Iyyaka Naste’e’n, you should repeat this a hundred times and then proceed and complete Surah Hamd. The same method is to be followed in the second unit (rakat) as well. Repeat the Zikr seven times in Ruku and Sujood. After concluding the prayer, recite the Tahleel, e.g. Laa elaaha illal laaho wahdahu wahdahu. And recite Tasbeeh Fatima Zahra (s.a.). After that prostrate and recite Salawat on Muhammad and Aale Muhammad (a.s.) in prostration a hundred times. After that the Imam’s words were as follows:

If one recites the two prayers, it is as if he has prayed in the Baitul Ateeq. After that Imam (a.s.) asked me to proceed. As soon as I started, he called me back and said: A goat is to be purchased from the flock of Ja’far Kashani, the shepherd; if the villagers pay for it, well and good, if not, you pay for it yourself and slaughter it here tomorrow night. The following day would be the 18th of month of Ramazan; on that day the mutton should be distributed among those who are ailing; Allah will

cure those who eat from it. That goat is spotted, very hairy and having seven black and white marks the size of a dirham coin: three on one side and four on the other.

Hasan bin Maslah says: After that I returned home and remained in deep thought all night. At last it was dawn. After prayers, I went to Ali bin Munzir and narrated the whole incident to him. Then the two of us came to that same place and found in accordance to the statement of the Imam, chains and pegs, which were supposed to be the signs.

2 After that we came to the place of Sayyid Abul Hasan. The moment we reached his door, his servants said: The master is expecting you since dawn, are you a residents of Jamkaran? Then he was informed and I entered his place and greeted him with respect. He replied in a cordial way and offered me a seat near him. Before I could say anything, he started:

O Hasan bin Maslah, last night I saw a gentleman in dream,who told me: Hasan bin Maslah, a resident of Jamkaran, will approach you in the morning. You must testify to whatever he says and rely on his words; his statement is our statement; you must not reject his words. I am waiting for you since I saw that dream. After that I narrated the incident in detail. Abul Hasan asked his men to saddle the horses. All of us mounted and set out from there. On reaching Jamkaran, we saw Ja’far with his herd at the side of the road. As I approached, a goat, which was at the rear, came bouncing to me. When I wanted to pay the cost to Ja’far, he swore that the goat did not belong to his herd. He said: I have never seen it before today and after that I was not able to catch it, no matter how much I tried. Thus, we brought that goat to the place.