Q. Is it wajib (obligatory) to recite Salawaat when one hears the name of Mohammad (s.a.w.a.) during wajib (obligatory) or sunnat (recommended) Namaz?
A. It is “mustahab” (recommended) to recite Salawaat whenever you hear Mohammad (s.a.w.a.)’s name or whenever any one gives a call even during wajib (obligatory) Namaz. Hence one should recite Salawaat and then continue the Namaz from where he stopped.
Q. Is it permissible for women who cannot enter the halt in a mosque, on account of menses, to assume Ehraam outside the Shajarah Mosque? What about assuming Ehraam from a parallel point for those women who have no disability?
For those who travel to Makkah by this route, it is not sufficient to assume Ehraam outside the Shajarah Mosque. However, women having an excuse must become mohrim while passing through the mosque, if possible. If they cannot do so, due to the crowd or a similar reason, and they cannot also postpone Ehraam until their disability is over, it is obligatory that they assume Ehraam at Johfah or a parallel point. Also, they can assume ehram from their place of stay in Medina by taking a vow (nazr).
Q i am presently residing in Jeddah. We are following the dates announced by the government. Then one day before the pre- announced Ashura came, the government readjusted the calendar. We are confused and wonder whether we have observed Ashura on the correct date.
A. You should ask the Shia Ulama about any Islamic matter, including the beginning of Islamic months if you are not sure. You may send emails to them or telephone them if you can.
Mourning before or after the real date of Muharram does not make your noble work invalid as mourning for Imam Husain (a.s.) is highly recommended at all times and all the year round. Mourning is not a time-fixed matter like fasting in the month of Ramazan. Whenever you observe mourning and Majalis and Azadari of Imam Husain (a.s.) you will get your reward Insha Allah Ta’ala.
Q. Is Zanjirzani (doing Matam with knives) as done in the Indian sub-continent right?
A. Zanjeerzani is a method of some Mo’mineen to express their grief on the great tragedy of Karbala. It is their right to express such noble feelings which are a sign of love of the Prophet (s.a.w.a.) and the Ahlul Bayt (a.s.). Everyone is free to express his feeling in his own way as far as it does not involve any unlawful act. In short, zanjeerzani as done in India, Pakistan, Iran, Iraq and other places is a lawful way of expressing a noble feeling of grief.
Q. A person buys a shop by taking a loan which he repays from his earlier business. Will khums be due on it?
A. Yes. The person will have to pay Khums on the amount re-paid by the year’s end for the purchase of the shop.
Q. Can a person buy things so as to avoid paying Khums before his due date?
A. Khums is not due on things, which are necessary. If there is no necessity, the things bought will attract Khums.