Hazrat Fatemah Ma’soomah (s.a.)

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On the first of Zilqad in 173 AH, the city of Madinah was enlightened by the birth of Hazrat Fatemah Ma’soomah (s.a.).1 She was born to Imam Moosa ibn Ja’far (a.s.) and her mother, Najmah. Hazrat Fatemah Ma’soomah (a.s.) was the second and last child of Najmah, after her older brother, Imam Ali ibn Moosa al-Reza (a.s.). In fact, after Imam Reza (a.s.), she has the highest status and position amongst the children of Imam Moosa al-Kazim (a.s.).

(Tawarikh al-Nabi Wal-Aal, p. 65)

One year after Imam Reza (a.s.)was forcibly taken to Khurasan (in year 201 AH) by the orders of Ma’moon, Hadrat Masumah (a.s.), along with her brothers and some of her relatives, left Medina for Marw in order to visit her brother, Imam Reza (a.s.). On their way, when they reached the city of Saweh, the enemies of Ahl al-Bait attacked them. After a serious struggle, many of her relatives were martyred, and a woman in Saweh poisoned her.

(Waseelah al-Ma’soomiah, by Mirza Aboutalib Byouk, p. 68; Al-Hayat al-Siasiah lil Imam al-Reza (a.s.), by Ja’far Mortaza Ameli, p. 428)

Grief over the loss of her relatives and the effects of the poison put Hazrat Ma’soomah (a.s.) into a severe illness. She asked her companions to take her to the  city of Qum, for she had heard her father say, “Qum is the center of our Shiites.”When she arrived in Qum, the people of the city welcomed her. Moosa ibn Khazraj, who was amongst the great people of Qum, respectfully invited her to his house. 17 days later, on the 10th of Rabius Saani of the year 201 AH, after 28 years of sufferance and difficulty, Hazrat Ma’soomah (a.s.)no longer could endure her sickness and the effects of the poison. She left this world with a broken heart, while she had not been able to see her brother. She was buried in Qum and her shrine became the beauty of this city since then. From amongst the narrators, we come across to narrators who happen to be women. One of these virtuous women is Hazrat Ma’soomah (a.s.), who has narrated many hadees from Lady Fatemah (a.s.) and the other Infallibles (a.s.). Actually, because of her prominence, both Shia and Ahle Tasannun narrators have considered the hadees narrated by her as authentic.

The hadees narrated about Hazrat Ma’soomah