Q. Can a person swallow his own saliva while fasting? Can a person taste the salt of a cooked dish?
- It is not an offence to swallow the saliva, even if it is intentionally collected or by thinking of juicy things. It is permissible to taste the salt provided, it should not enter the throat. The person must spit out the substance completely.
Q. Canmarriedcouplesperformsexualintercourse in the month of Ramazan?
- During the daytime sexual intercourse is not permitted in the month of Ramazan. It is makruh for a person fasting to kiss or play with his wife unless he is sure that there will be no discharge.
Q. Will it be necessary to give Kaffara for breaking a Mustahab fast?
- No. A person is not liable to give any Kaffara for breaking a Mustahab fast, intentionally or unintentionally. Kaffara is due on fast for the month of Ramazan and the Qaza (lapsed) of it when broken after midday.
Q. Is eating before dawn (i.e. Sehri) Wajib (obligatory)?
- Sehri is not Wajib (obligatory). It is Mustahab (i.e. recommended) even if it is only water or a piece of date. As far as possible, one should not ignore the importance of Sehri.
Q. When we observe that the new moon sighted on the last day of the month of Shabaan is big, what should be one’s intention for next day’s fast – first or second of Ramazan?
- If it is the end of the month of Shabaan and the new moon appears to be of the second day, oneshould keep a Qaza after the end of Ramazan. And it is not necessary to specify whether one is fasting for the second or third or fourth day.
Q. Can you tell me whether it is permitted to fast on behalf of parents who are still alive, in order to make up for fasts they have missed (i.e. qaza fasts).
- This cannot be done for the onus is theirs as long as they are alive. Should they not be able to fast for reasons of disability or handicap, then fast is not wajib (obligatory) on them. Prayers are wajib at all times, albeit could be performed in different positions. If standing is not possible, then sitting; if sitting is not possible, then lying down; and the worst scenario is a person praying with movements of eyelids to show positions of ruku and sajda. Should anyone be unconscious as in coma, then prayers are not wajib (obligatory). Mas’ala of Ayatullah Seestani (From ‘Islamic Laws’): As long as a person is alive, no other person can offer his qaza on his behalf, even if he himself is unable to offer them.
Q. Can one accept the tea or eatable offered by one’s mother or wife and break a recommended fast?
- It is recommended to accept an invitation extended by a mo’min or mo’mina to consume lawful and clean food or drink. The person will be recompensed for the fast as well as for accepting the invitation. The recommended fast can be suspended at any time of the day but the qaza (lapsed) fast or one kept for a vow which is not time bound can be broken only before noon time