9th of Rabiul Awwal the day of Eid
Sheikh Muhammad Husain Najafi in his book “Jawahir Al-Kalaam” says:
“And as for the Gusl for the 9th of Rabiul Awwal, it has been narrated that it was the act of Ahmad bin Ishaq al-Qummi , with the reasoning as it is the day of Eid.”
“But it is famous till today among the Shias, that that is the day of 9th of Rabiul Awwal. And it has been foundinanarrationreachingupto Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.a.) about the virtue of this Day and its honor and its blessings verily it’s a day of happiness for them (a.s.).”
“And we say that the recommendation of Gusl on this day is based on the recommendation of it for such times (days) and especially with it being Eid for us and our Imam’s (a.s.).”
[Jawaaherul Kalaam, vol. 5, pp. 43-44]
Sayyida Umm Kulsum (s.a.)
Sayyida Umm Kulsum (s.a.) is the daughter of Imam Ali ibn Abi Talib (a.s.) and Sayyida Fatemah Zahra (s.a.). She is a woman who struggled for God’s sake by means of words and deeds. She is next to Sayyida Zainab (s.a.) in age and honor, and she is her partner in carrying the burden which Sayyida Zainab (s.a.) carried after the martyrdom of Imam al-Husayn (a.s.) in Karbala.
Sayyida Umm Kulsum (s.a.) entered Al-Kufa during the regime of her father – the Prince of the Believers (a.s.) after he had declared it as a capital for his state. She lived in his modest house and learnt from him the
Yet when she entered al-Kufa for the second time, she entered it as a captive with the captives of Karbala. She entered it with the heads of her brother Imam al- Husayn (a.s.) and the martyrs raised over the spears and with the people watching them. She was greatly affected with what she saw, with the people’s pity on them, and with the people’s offering of bread and dates for the children. She used to take away the alms from the children’s mouths and hands while saying, “O People of al-Kufa, giving alms to us is [religiously] forbidden.”
Then, she addressed them with a speech from which we mention the following: “O People of al-Kufa! Shame on you. What is the matter with you? You disappointed Imam Husayn (a.s.) and killed him. You robbed his money and inherited him. And you took his women as captives and distressed him. Woe to you and away with you! Do you know what an evil you did?”
Her speeches, along the path of captivity, uncovered the evil policies which were conspiring against Islam and its prominent characters. Moreover, she spread among the people a poetry in which she aroused the emotions, so that the nation would wake up from its slumber to face the oppression of the Umayyid. From that poetry is the following:
We are the lost with no guardian
And we are lamenting on our brother We are riding on mounts
Carried on the camels of the detesters
We are the daughters of Ya’seen and Ta’ha1
And we are weeping on our father
Oh our grandfather! They killed Husayn And did not consider God in us
Oh our grandfather! Our enemies attained Their wishes and avenged themselves from us.
This is Umm Kulsum (s.a.), the woman who teaches the women how to struggle for God’s sake by means of the word and the attitude.
In the holy city of al-Madinah, there are other mosques that have the honor to be places where the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) offered prayers, or which he himself ordered to be built.
The most important and most preferred of these mosques is the Quba Mosque about which Almighty Allah revealed the following verse of the Holy Qur’an:
Certainly, a mosque founded on piety from the very first day is more deserving that you should stand in it. In it are men who love that
they should be purified, and Allah loves those who purify themselves.
(Holy Quran, 9:108)
The Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.) is reported to have said:
Whoever visits Quba Mosque and offers therein a two-unit prayer, will return with the reward of ‘Umrah.
(al-Hurr al-Aameli; Wasaaelush Shiah, vol. 3, p. 548, H. 3 & vol. 10, p.
278, H. 5)
In al-Kafi, Shaykh al-Kulayni has reported that Mu’awiyah ibn Ammar quoted Imam al-Sadiq (a.s.) as saying:
Make sure that you will not leave any of the following sites unvisited: Quba Mosque (the mosque founded on piety from the very first day), Ummu-Ibrahim’s Chamber, al-Fazikh Mosque, the graves of the martyrs, and Masjid al-Ahzab, which is also called the Conquest (fath) Mosque.