Your Questions Answered

176
Q. Can one offer one’s Namaz separately at the
  time   of   commencement   of   congregational
  prayers since the head of the congregation is
  not a just person?
A. The person cannot offer his Namaz separately
  during  the  congregational  prayers.  It  can  be
  performed   after   the   congregational   prayer
  concludes. The person in such a situation should
  perform his Namaz in the congregation with the
  intention of furada (individual) prayer.
Q. What is the obligatory period for spending the
  night in Mina? Is it sufficient to spend the first
  half of the night from sunset to midnight? How
  about spending the second half?
A. The obligatory period of spending the night in
  Mina is half of night and the mukallaf has the
  option between the first half and the second,
  though spending the first half of the night there
  is closer to caution.
Q. How is Khums calculated?
A. Khums  is  very  simple  to  calculate.  From  the
  savings  which  remain  after  all  one’s  annual,
  lawful and standard expenses are deducted from
  the  income.  20%  or  1/5th  of  this  amount  is
  Khums. This should be given with the intention
  of qurbatan elallah (for the pleasure of Allah
  ta’ala). Next year on the same date whatever you
  have saved during that year will attract Khums.

Q. Regarding Fateha for the deceased, I learned
  that one should recite Salawat 14 or 3 times
  then one Surah Al-hamd and then three times
  Surah Tawheed and then again Salawat 14 or 3
  times,  but  some  times  people  do  not  recite
  Salawat. So, please clarify this by giving me the
  details of correct procedure, what should be
  recited  and  what  is  optional.  Are  there  any
  different methods if one recites for the benefit
  of  the  Holy  Masoomeen  (a.s.)  and  for  the
  general people.
A. Reciting Surah Fateha, which is Surah Al-Hamd is
  a source of great Sawab (reward). If we gift its
  reward to anybody, we will earn more Sawab.
  Reciting  Salawat  is  another  source  of  Sawab.
  Reciting Surah Tawheed is also a source of Sawab.
  Reciting all of them will increase the Sawab.
  There is no difference in reciting the Holy Quran
  irrespective of whom you want to gift the Sawab
  to.   No   doubt,   when   you   gift   to   the   Holy
  Masoomeen (a.s.), the Sawab will be more.
  It is mentioned in Islamic resources that reciting
  Surah Al-Hamd once, followed by Surah Tawheed
  thrice, and gifting the Sawab to the deceased,
  will be a source of great Sawab, both for the one
  who gifts and the one to whom it is gifted. It is
  also mentioned that the deceased person will
  know the name of the person who gifted him

this gift.

In short, any recitation of Surah Al-Hamd, Surah Tawheed, Salawaat, or any Surah or any Tasbeeh will be a source of Sawab for the person who recites and to whom it was gifted.

  1. Recently on a Friday morning I was near a Sunni mosque early in the morning and I heard they were reciting ‘Laa Hawla walaa Quwwata illaa Billaahil A’liyyil Azeem’. I was a bit surprised because there was the name of Imam Ali (a.s.) in the Dua. Please correct me if I am wrong.
  2. It is mustahab among all Muslims to say ‘Laa Hawla walaa Quwwata illaa Billaahil A’liyyil Azeem’, on hearing in the azaan, hayya alas salaah, hayya alal falaah, hayya ala khairil amal. There is no surprise at all, since al-Ali is one of names of Allah (s.w.t.) which means the High. Imam Ali (a.s.) is Ali, not al-Ali. He is the best servant of Allah (s.w.t.) after the Holy Prophet (s.a.w.a.).
  3. Will the food be considered pure in which a drop of blood falls while cutting onions?
  4. If even a particle of blood falls in the food while it is being cooked, the entire food together with its container becomes impure and boiling cannot
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    purify it. But if blood falls on solid food such that with the removal of a portion of food, blood is completely removed, the remaining food will be pure.

    1. How should I avoid sins? What should I do if I keep doing bad things?

    A. Doing bad things knowing that they are  bad means that you are weak before your desires. When your intellect becomes mature and balanced, then you will control your desires. There is a hadees saying that Allah (s.w.t.) has created the angels and put in them reason without desire; while He create the animals and put in them desire without reason. However, He (s.w.t.) created human beings and put in them both reason and desire. So, if the human being keeps his reason controlling his desires, he will then be superior to the angels, and if he keeps his desires controlling his reason, then he will be worse than animals. If we remember the result of bad deeds, we will never commit any sin purposely